Albert Goodwin: Maidstone’s Visionary Landscape Artist
The Albert Goodwin Collection at Maidstone Museum
Albert Goodwin (1845-1932) was a Kentish artist, whose output of paintings, principally watercolours, was prolific. Maidstone Museum is fortunate to have a collection of over 200 paintings and drawings, predominantly in watercolour, that illustrate his artistic influences and travels.
Artist, Albert Goodwin
Early Artistic Influences
Albert was the seventh of nine children and was raised in Maidstone, born in what is now 62 Boxley Road. As a young boy he became an apprentice draper in the town. It was around this time, that his natural flair for drawing was recognised.
The young Albert was encouraged in his art and became a pupil of Arthur Hughes in 1855. In the early 1860s Goodwin moved on to work in the studio of the Pre-Raphaelite founder Ford Madox Brown.
These artistic foundations put him into contact with the Pre-Raphaelite and Arts and Craft luminaries William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Morris and the eminent art critic John Ruskin, who was to become both his friend and mentor.
It is probable that Goodwin undertook the lettering on the frame for this artwork, as a pupil of Madox Brown at the time.
In 1872 Goodwin’s eyes were opened to differing lights, vistas and forms of natural inspiration, by a three month tour of Europe made with Ruskin and a fellow artist Arthur Severn. Goodwin made a large number of annotated sketches and watercolour studies direct from nature a method he used, alongside working from memory, throughout his career.
“…..nature has an endless storehouse to draw upon and to draw from…..”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1918, p417)
These ‘flying sketches’, as Ruskin called them, were later used to inform finished works, or worked up in colour in his studio while the memory of a place was fresh. In his diary Goodwin wrote “To me this method of work is one of the happy things of the art that I practise, for I get the realisation of a place twice over, and often the memory makes the scene a better one than the first experience.” (Diary, 1917, p371)
St. Michael’s Mount, Cornwall, Albert Goodwin, Pencil with ink (MNEMG 1922.214.171.124)
An example of one of Goodwin’s ‘flying’ sketches
St. Michael’s Mount, Cornwall, Albert Goodwin, Oil painting (MNEMG 1957.44 / PCF 20).
The worked up oil painting from the original sketch.
Travel & Inspiration
Goodwin travelled throughout his career, finding inspiration in Europe (particularly Switzerland, Italy, Norway and Holland) as well as the West Indies, India, Egypt, New Zealand and Australia. Closer to home he was inspired by the countryside in Kent, Sussex and Devon, places where at various times he made his home.
“There is to me a charm in the so-called imagination picture, which the mere portrait of a place does not contain. One gets free play for whatever one has of the inventive faculty, and you are not tied down to hard facts.”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1915, p305)
Nightfall in the Higher Alps; The Simplon Pass, Albert Goodwin, Watercolour, 1871 (Bentlif 133)
Produced on the European tour with Ruskin
Dordrecht, Holland, Albert Goodwin, Watercolour, 1880 (Bentlif 124)
Note the difference in style between this artwork and that of the Ruskin tour (above) some 9 years earlier.
Goodwin the Watercolour Artist
Goodwin exhibited his first oil painting ‘Under the Hedge’ at the Royal Academy in 1860 and, having established his name as an artist, moved into watercolour work. In 1871 he was elected an Associate of the Old Watercolour Society and in 1881 became a full member. The medium allowed Goodwin to work rapidly on a number of different drawings at one time and gave him the ability to complete many works. He exhibited 792 paintings with the Royal Watercolour Society in his lifetime.
“No one save the water-colour painter (who is used to carrying his work to the extreme of finish), can understand the amount of hammering, sponging, scratching, sandpapering, washing etc, that has to be done to a drawing which will not “come”!”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1915, p316)
Lynmouth: The story of the shipwreck, Albert Goodwin, Watercolour, 1882 (Bentlif 120)
Goodwin created this artwork in both watercolour (above) and oil (below)
Lynmouth: The story of the shipwreck, Albert Goodwin, Oil painting, 1882 (TA001 / PCF 425)
The Successor of Turner
Goodwin excelled in painting topographical and landscape scenes, deftly depicting colour, form and incorporating tone through light and shade. Ruskin had impressed upon the young artist the importance of form and the work of Turner. In 1911 Goodwin wrote in his diary, “I sometimes wonder if the spirit of old Turner takes over my personality. I often find (or think I find) myself doing the very same things that he seemed to do.” This viewpoint was shared by critics, a contemporary review in ‘The Standard’ on October 30th 1893 commented: “In water-colour drawing Mr. Albert Goodwin is the legitimate successor of Turner.”
Burning Ghats, Albert Goodwin, Oil painting (MNEMG 1962.9.48 / PCF 187)
This scene of India shows ‘Ghats’, steps down to a river landing place and is typical of many of Goodwin’s ‘potboilers’ and was possibly painted from memory. The colour palate is quite dark except for the use of red, orange and yellow along the horizon.
The Artist’s Perspective
Goodwin sporadically kept a diary for the last forty years of his life. Following his death in Bexhill-on-Sea on the 10th April in 1932 aged 87, his family edited his diary notes and published them two years later. The diary brings to life his opinions and character and gives an insight into his working methods.
“…..it can hardly be right to have so much enjoyment in one’s occupation, save that the assurance that the “mercy is twice blessed,” that others partake a measure of one’s delight…..”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1888, p22)
Albert Goodwin’s Diary, (MNEMG 1953.104)
Published in 1934 for private circulation within the family from Albert’s handwritten and typed diary notes.
An Experimental Artist
In 1909 he writes, “One of the things I think that gives me each year fresh enjoyment in my work is the realm of experiment…”. For Goodwin, art wasn’t repetitive if he experimented with new ways of working. He relished the challenges of using tinted papers, firstly for pen and wash studies and later with combinations of watercolour, crayon, pastel, oil paint and pen. He wasn’t averse to mixing media, combining them in order to get a desired atmospheric effect. The versatility found in mixing differing media, in particular incorporating pen into watercolour and oil paintings to define form, made, (and continue to make), Goodwin’s delicate visionary landscapes popular.
“One of my principal enjoyments in the continuation of the art which has been a ceaseless cause of pleasure all my life, is in discovering new ways of working: new aspects of old things, and consequently new beauties in things which require new interpretations.”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1913, p188)
Fishing Boat (57 B.X.), Albert Goodwin, Watercolour and Body colour (MNEMG 1962.9.31).
An example of Goodwin experimenting on coloured papers.
Mont St Michel, Normandie, Albert Goodwin, Body colour (MNEMG 1962.9.67)
A sense of atmosphere is created in this painting by using sketching over watercolour (a reversal of traditional techniques where painting usually follows sketching)
Goodwin juggled a successful career as an artist for over seventy years with the responsibilities of family life. For Goodwin, “The habit of painting, like second nature, seems part of myself.” (Diary, July 9th 1900, p34). He wrote in his diary that he often felt that his art and travels led him to neglect his wife and seven children. Albert and Alice (his second wife) had five girls and two boys. This led him on occasions when frustrated with his work, to ban himself from painting to dedicate time to his family.
“I have had a good deal of “Paradise” here – a profession which is a delight and a success in it, and greatest of all the love of wife and children”
(Albert Goodwin Diary, 1902, p80)
Arundel, Albert Goodwin, Watercolour (MNEMG 1962.9.33).
Goodwin and his first wife, Mary, lived for some time in Arundel, the subject of many of his works.
An Earnest Man
To his friends Goodwin was affectionately known as ‘Bogie’. He didn’t drink alcohol or smoke and enjoyed a healthy lifestyle. A keen swimmer and in later years, cyclist, he remained in good health until with old age his eyes became weepy and his hearing poor. He remained throughout his life a quiet, earnest and practical man who enjoyed “…pleasant days spent in the midst of pleasant family life, doing pleasant work…” (Diary, 26th December 1909, p121)
Maidstone (View of All Saint’s Church and Archbishop’s Palace), Albert Goodwin, Watercolour with Pencil, 1877 (MNEMG 1981.19)
Goodwin also painted local views around Maidstone, a number of which (in watercolours and oils) are in the Maidstone Museum Collection
Back to the Collection
The museum’s Albert Goodwin Collection is the largest in public ownership, and as such, the museum has a gallery wall dedicated to Goodwin and his brother Harry (who was also an artist). Goodwin’s artworks have certainly stood the test of time, and remain popular today being fresh, available in a multitude of media and sizes to suit different tastes, are hugely atmospheric and show the influences of his training. The museum has also created a touring exhibition to enable the artworks to be enjoyed further afield: https://museum.maidstone.gov.uk/albert-goodwin-visionary-landscapes/